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Free Trade Agreements

Free trade agreements play a major role in international red meat exports. See tabs below for USMEF summaries and analysis on the impact of U.S. trade agreements for U.S. red meat exports. 


The FTA means:

  • Duty-free access for high quality beef (Choice & Prime) with unlimited volumes, duty-free tariff rate quota for standard beef and separately beef offal, with annual increase in TRQ volumes.

  • Duties of 80 percent are phased to zero by 2021, over a 10-year period.


The FTA means:

  • In the duty phase-out period, elimination of the price band system except in cases where the applied duty is less than the rate in the U.S.-Colombia FTA (for example, the applied duty in 2001 was zero due partially to high U.S. pork prices).

  • Duties of 30 percent were reduced to zero by 2016.

  • Some frozen offal as well as high-fat trimmings, belly fat and bacon fat have immediate duty-free access.

  • Variety meat exports under chapter 5 (including frozen intestines) benefit from a duty-free TRQ, starting at 4,642 metric tons in 2012 and increasing to unlimited volumes in 2021.

As a main competitor to the United States, Chile has benefited from a trade agreement with Colombia, with duty-free access for its pork exports to Colombia:

  • In 2009, Chile moved ahead of the U.S. as the top supplier of pork and pork variety meat to Colombia, followed by the U.S. and Canada.

  • In 2011 the U.S. regained its leading position as the top pork supplier to Colombia.

  • Canada also has an FTA with Colombia, implemented Aug. 15, 2011. Canada has a TRQ of 5,750 MT for 2016 with in-quota imports facing a zero percent duty.