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Beef, Pork Exports Continue Growth Trend

Published: Jun 05, 2014

U.S. beef and pork exports continued their positive growth trend in April, increasing by double digits in volume and by an even healthier margin in value, according to statistics released by the USDA and compiled by USMEF.

Higher prices commanded in the global market have driven up per-head export values for both U.S. beef and pork, as international customers have, so far, been willing to pay higher prices for larger volumes.

For the month of April, total U.S. pork exports (muscle cuts plus variety meat) rose 11 percent over year-ago levels in volume to 192,924 metric tons (mt) valued at $596 million, a 26 percent increase. For the first four months of 2014, pork exports are up 11 percent in volume to 776,601 mt valued at $2.25 billion, a 14 percent rise.

The U.S. exported 99,297 mt of beef in April valued at $537.4 million, increases of 15 and 24 percent, respectively. Year-to-date, beef exports are up 10 percent in volume and 17 percent in value to 376,377 mt valued at $2.05 billion.

“Even with a plentiful supply of EU pork products in the marketplace and large volumes of Australian beef, we are still seeing demand grow in most of our key markets and remain steady in others,” said Philip Seng, USMEF president and CEO. “It is encouraging to see solid growth in sales to markets where the U.S. industry has made the biggest commitment in resources. A good example would be Korea, where export volumes have struggled since 2012 but, as Korea’s domestic supply levels of beef and pork normalize, we are seeing a robust rebound in demand for U.S. products.”

Pork notes

Pork exports in April accounted for 28 percent of total U.S. pork production and 23 percent of muscle cuts alone, increases from 25 and 21 percent, respectively, over last April. Export value per head slaughtered equated to $67.35 for the month, up from $50.75 a year ago.

Pork export markets of note in April included:

    • Mexico: the top volume market was up 42 percent in value to $132 million on 1 percent higher volume (53,288 mt), helping support record ham prices.
    • Japan: export volume set a new monthly record of 48,507 mt (up 39 percent). Sales to the top pork export value market rose 26 percent to $193.9 million.
    • South Korea: imported its largest volume of U.S. pork since March 2012: 17,126 mt (up 95 percent) valued at $51 million (up 122 percent).
    • Canada: the No. 4 export market for U.S. pork rebounded slightly in April with volume up 4 percent (17,384 mt) and value up 27 percent ($75.6 million).
    • Colombia: the top market in the Central/South America region continues to sizzle, up 76 percent in volume in April (4,398 mt) and 74 percent in value ($11.4 million).

Beef notes

Beef exports in April accounted for 14 percent of total U.S. beef production and 11 percent of muscle cuts alone, increases from 12 and 9 percent, respectively, last April. Export value per head of fed slaughter equated to $262.41 for the month, up from $207.70 a year ago. Strong beef exports to Asia helped support near-record prices for short plates, short ribs and chuck short ribs.

Beef export markets of note in April included:

    • Mexico: volume up 16 percent to 18,668 mt valued at $86 million, a 31 percent increase over April of 2013, although off March highs, contributed to sustained high prices for U.S. rounds and shoulder clods,.
    • Japan: the top destination for U.S. beef in April took 20,614 mt, down 4 percent but valued at $130.6 million, even with last year.
    • Hong Kong: continues its rapid growth with volume up 99 percent (11,419 mt) and value up 133 percent ($82.2 million).
    • South Korea: volume up 27 percent to 8,630 mt and value up 53 percent to $56.6 million.
    • Central/South America: volume up 11 percent to 3,915 mt and value up 40 percent to $16 million – paced by Chile (up 52 percent in volume to 1,449 mt and 50 percent in value to $7.3 million).
    • ASEAN: volume up 71 percent to 2,628 mt and value up 29 percent to $11.6 million, with growth to the Philippines (up 55 percent in volume to 1,604 mt valued at $6.9 million, a 32 percent increase) helping fuel the increases.

Lamb notes

Lamb exports to the top three markets of Mexico, the Caribbean and Canada continued to be down in April, with total exports of 927 mt valued at $2.3 million down 25 percent in volume and 10 percent in value for the month. Through the first four months of the year, lamb exports are down 18 percent in volume (3,572 mt) and 11 percent in value ($8.9 million) compared to the same period last year. The biggest bright spot is Saudi Arabia, the No. 4 market, where lamb and mutton sales through April totaled 68 mt (up 31 percent from a year ago) valued at $253,000 (up 24 percent).

Full export statistics through April for U.S. beef, pork and lamb are available online.

Editor’s notes:

    Export statistics refer to both muscle cuts and variety meat unless otherwise noted
    One metric ton (mt) = 2.204.622 pounds.

For more information email Jim Herlihy.